Trogir Excursions - Excursions to National Parks, Culture centers or to near by islands... Get yourself on the tour with Split Excursions
  • CROATIA HIGHLIGHTS -  7 days  group tour

    CROATIA HIGHLIGHTS - 7 days group tour

    Price: 1,499.00 €

  • Zadar private walking tour

    Zadar private walking tour

    Price: 50.00 €

  • Plitvice Lakes private shore excursion

    Plitvice Lakes private shore excursion

    Price: 100.00 €

  • Split and Zadar private shore excursion

    Split and Zadar private shore excursion

    Price: 0.00 €

  • Krka Waterfalls and Zadar private shore excursion

    Krka Waterfalls and Zadar private shore excursion

    Price: 0.00 €

Island of Vis

is the westernmost fairly large Croatian island (a population of about 4000). It is 27 miles from the mainland. In a deep bay on the northern side of the island, in 397 BC, Dionysus the elder, general and tyrant of Syracuse, then the strongest state in the Greek world, founded the fi rst Greek colony on the eastern coast of the Adriatic. But the history of the island goes back far into the past. Greek historian The opompus (died in 323 BC) writes that the Ionian Sea (i.e. the Adriatic) got its name from Ionios, “an Illyrian from Issa who once ruled over these realms”; his figure is shown on the fi rst coin of the colony of Issa, with a dolphin, symbol of the sea, on the reverse.

In the relatively narrow Dračevo polje, or plain, on Vis, a regular orthogonal division of the land has been noticed – characteristic of the Greek division of land – and the same thing must have existed in Velo polje, until an aerodrome was built there in World War II. Before it switched from Greek to Roman rule, Issa had already established its own colonies on the mainland: Tragurion (Trogir), Epetion (Stobreč near Split) and on the neighbouring island of Korčula, in Lumbarda, Korkira Melaina.

During the civil war fought between Pompey and Caesar, the Issa polis chose the losing side of Pompey, and in 46 BC it lost its independence, becoming oppidium civium Romanorum, and was administratively dependent on Salona. At the time of Roman rule Issa did develop however, and a theatre, temple, a forum and thermae were built there. When Salona became the Roman capital of the province, Issa was left on the periphery of events, and was known only for the high quality of its wine. At the beginning of the 2nd century BC, Greek historian and geographer Agatharchides (author of a geography and history of Europe in 10 volumes) wrote that there was no better wine in the world than that of Issa.

Today, Vis including Biševo has about 700 ha of vineyards. Some biographers of James Joyce quote the writer as being fondest of drinking Plavac from Vis. Also well known from this area is Vugava, a high quality and potent wine, golden yellow in colour with a slightly bitter aroma that recalls honey.