Trogir Excursions - Excursions to National Parks, Culture centers or to near by islands... Get yourself on the tour with Split Excursions
  • CROATIA HIGHLIGHTS -  7 days  group tour

    CROATIA HIGHLIGHTS - 7 days group tour

    Price: 1,499.00 €

  • Zadar private walking tour

    Zadar private walking tour

    Price: 50.00 €

  • Plitvice Lakes private shore excursion

    Plitvice Lakes private shore excursion

    Price: 100.00 €

  • Split and Zadar private shore excursion

    Split and Zadar private shore excursion

    Price: 0.00 €

  • Krka Waterfalls and Zadar private shore excursion

    Krka Waterfalls and Zadar private shore excursion

    Price: 0.00 €

Klis


Klis fortress is a small medieval stronghold which was built by the ancient Illyrian tribe Dalmatae. It is situated above a village bearing the same name, near the city of Split, in central Dalmatia. Due to its strategic position at the crossing from Split to Zagora and Bosnia, there have been for centuries battles in this area for control over it. Klis fortress is one of the most outstanding strongholds in Croatia. It deserves its fame mainly from the time of Turkish wars, during which the Captain of the fortress Peter Kružić and his uskoks resisted to the attempts of Turkish conquest. In the 9th century Klis was the seat of the Croatian dukes and kings of the dynasty Trpimirović. Due to its location on a pass that separates the mountains Mosor and Kozjak, the fortress served as a major source of defense in Dalmatia, and has been a key crossroad between the Mediterranean belt and the Balkan rear.



Duke Trpimir I, the founder of the Croatian royal House of Trpimirović, is significant for spreading Christianity in the Principality of Littoral Croatia. He largely expanded the Klis Fortress, and in the valley under the fortress, in Rižinice, he built a church and the first Benedictine monastery in Croatia. During the reign of the first Croatian king, Tomislav, Klis and Biograd na Moru were his chief residences.

In March 1242 at Klis Fortress, Tatars who were a constituent segment of the Mongol army under the leadership of Kadan suffered a major defeat while in pursuit of the Hungarian army led by King Béla IV. After their defeat by Croatian forces, the Mongols retreated, and Béla IV rewarded many Croatian towns and nobles with "substantial riches". During the Late Middle Ages, the fortress was governed by Croatian nobility, amongst whom Paul I Šubić of Bribir was the most significant. During his reign, the House of Šubić controlled most of modern-day Croatia and Bosnia. Excluding the brief possession by the forces of Bosnian King, Tvrtko I, the fortress remained in Hungaro-Croatian hands for the next several hundred years, until the 16th century.

Attractions